P U B L I C A T I O N S

Machobane Philosophy | Gary McNutt

Steven from the JJ Machobane Farming System talks about how the system came to be and the philosophy behind it.

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The Machobane Farming System in Lesotho | Oakland Institute

Declining soil fertility, climatic variability, and outmigration threaten Lesotho’s agricultural productivity. The Machobane Farming System is a simple, low-input technique based on intercropping and localized application of organic manures. Since its re-introduction in the early 1990s, nearly five thousand farmers have integrated this system into their land management, increasing land productivity three-fold compared to traditional monocropping.

Machobane Farming System in Lesotho | United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Using crop rotation, relay cropping, and intercropping Summary The Machobane farming system is an intensive cropping system, using crop rotation, relay cropping, and intercropping practices.  It was developed by James Machobane during the 1950s.  Although he had no formal agricultural training, Mr Machobane developed a very complex, integrated farming system designed to improve the productivity of small-scale farmers in Lesotho.

Lesotho: Machobane Farmers Raise Funds to Promote Their Unique Method of Farming | All Africa

Maseru — They say the Machobane farming system is a reliable method of ensuring food security and provision of healthy food as they do not contain chemicals and are not genetically modified.

Scaling up climate-smart agriculture in Lesotho | Ademola Braimoh

Lesotho’s agricultural system faces a growing number of climate-related vulnerabilities with drought, floods, pests, and extreme temperatures occurring more frequently. In response, the Government of Lesotho is collaborating with the World Bank to integrate climate change into the country’s agriculture policy agenda through the Lesotho Climate-Smart Agriculture Investment Plan (CSAIP).

A farming system for the mountains | Laura Arnalte

The development of a particular farming system, especially designed for the hard conditions of the mountainous country of Lesotho, called “Kingdom in the Sky”, is proving to be successful in achieving food security and reducing poverty amongst rural communities.

Problems and Possibilities in Agroecology: an Historical Perspective from Lesotho, Southern Africa | Chris Conz, Department of History, Tufts University

Dr. Chris Conz teaches African History at Tufts University. He completed his Ph.D. in history at Boston University in 2017, where he developed his research interests in environmental history in southern Africa, especially the intersections of knowledge, agriculture, health, and development in Lesotho.

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Interview with trustee Emeritus/ President Letla Mosenene | Bio-one Complete

Gudrun Schwilch (MRD): Could you tell us something about yourself? How did you become involved in Soil and Water Conservation (SWC) in Lesotho?

Letla Mosenene: I was born in Quthing, in southern Lesotho, and educated in Sierra Leone (before the devastating war) and the United States, where I studied science education and forestry. After returning from the United States, I developed an interest in agroforestry and went to Kenya for a 3-week introductory course offered by the International Center for Research and Agroforestry (ICRAF). The course offered many methods of integrating production systems with SWC efforts in a holistic way. In 1990, my entire perspective on forestry was affected when I was assigned by the Lesotho government to join the SWC and Agroforestry Program (SWCAP), which is funded by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). 

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LESOTHO: A note on the Machobane System | Romano Pantanali

This note is based on information gathered by an FAO Investment Centre mission which visited Lesotho in July 1996 on behalf of the Government and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), to prepare the ground for the formulation of a Sustainable Mountain Agriculture Programme for possible IFAD financing.

Machobane Farming System and it's Relevance to Climate CHange Policy in Lesotho | Sissay B. Mekbib et al

Lesotho is heavily inluenced by a variety of competing weather systems because of its high elevation that range from 1,388 to 3,482m above sea level. In accordance with Article 4 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climatic Change (UNFCCC), these climatic conditions make Lesotho to be highly vulnerable to climate change impacts. The country is already experiencing some impacts of global warming as seen by the increasing frequency of natural disasters, droughts and emerging signs of desertication, fragile characteristics of its soil and terrain, and erratic climatic conditions such as changing patterns in rainfall periods and the risk of shorter growing seasons.